The pink and the white varieties are grown for its medicinal value.
Catharanthus roseus vinca ) also known as the, madagascar periwinkle or rosy periwinkle.
It is native and endemic to, madagascar, but grown elsewhere as an ornamental and medicinal plant, a source of the drugs vincristine and vinblastine, used to treat cancer.
The species is cultivated as herbal medicine.International Journal of Endocrinology by Mohammed Fazil Ahmed.It is called Nayantara eyeball in Bengali.It is also reported of causing kidney and nervous problem as a side effect.Numerous cultivars have been selected, for variation in flower colour (white, mauve, peach, scarlet and reddish-orange and also for tolerance of cooler growing conditions in temperate regions.Medicinal and Aromatic Plants.It is also native to Madagascar.
It also grows in Southern Europe.
Roseus extracts says, The leaf extracts of Catharanthus Roseus show potent anthelmintic activity.
Steenis ex Bakhuizen., Blumea 6: 384.
A b c Flora of China: Catharanthus roseus College of Micronesia: Catharanthus roseus Jepson Flora: Catharanthus roseus a b DrugDigest: Catharanthus roseus Archived at offerte ipercoop telefonia the Wayback Machine.
Gallery edit Catharanthus roseus in Kerala Flower plant raised in India Temples Fruits and seeds White rosy periwinkle Pacifica Burgundy Halo Madagascar Periwinkle Red cultivar of Madagascar Periwinkle Catharanthus roseus Catharanthus roseus Catharanthus roseus Whole plant References edit Flora of Madagascar: Catharanthus roseus " Catharanthus.
It is also useful for the treatment of nose bleeding, gum bleeding as well as treatment of bleeding hemorrhoids.11 Many of the vinca alkaloids were first isolated from Catharanthus roseus, 17 including vinblastine and vincristine used in the treatment of leukemia 14 and Hodgkin's lymphoma.Synonymy for this variety, catharanthus roseus var.O Colony, Satchiyapuram, Virudhunagar - 626124, Tamil Nadu.Although it is a valuable medicine, it is referred as the flower of death in Italy, due to its extreme toxicity.A Catharanthus Roseus flower in Hyderabad, Pakistan.A research published.10 It is so well adapted to growth in Australia, that it is listed as a noxious weed in Western Australia and the Australian Capital Territory, 15 and also in parts of eastern Queensland.Cooper, Raymond; Deakin, Jeffrey John (2016).In the wild, it is an endangered plant; the main cause of decline is habitat destruction by slash and burn agriculture.14 It is also however widely cultivated and is naturalised in subtropical and tropical areas of the world.
Pain relieving ointment, application of the paste of crushed leaves on wounds/affected areas relieves pain.
27 Rosinidin is an anthocyanidin pigment found in the flowers.